Globalization, a broad term for the fast-paced exchange of people and ideas across national borders has been ongoing since at least the 1700s. In recent years, however, globalization has accelerated due to increased technology which allows for more efficient transportation and communication around the world. Not all countries have been affected by this trend equally, however. Some become stronger because of an increase in global commerce while others remain relatively weak. This is particularly true in terms of developing nations’ foreign policy towards other nations.
A good example of this would be Russia’s economic ties with China which greatly affect its relations elsewhere and also China’s trade agreements where it exports large quantities of goods to wealthier nations such as the United States or Japan. On the other hand, a country such as North Korea which has been under many sanctions over the years would have a much harder time both dealing with foreign countries and exporting goods to other nations.
In this way, globalization has greatly affected how developing nations negotiate with other countries on an international level from trade agreements to political resolutions. As one of the world’s biggest trading partners, China often serves as a gateway for many African and South American countries into the greater global market. Due to its already established ties with these poorer nations, it makes sense for wealthier countries to become involved in their affairs through military intervention or monetary support.
This brings up another important question: How will globalization affect developing nations’ future? One possible outcome may be that the larger world power may control the smaller, poorer countries both economically and politically. A great example would be China’s influence in Africa where it has invested large amounts of money into infrastructure projects such as roads or railways which help grow its own economy while also expanding its sphere of influence. This is why countries all over the world must carefully negotiate ties with other nations around them because even something like sharing an ocean border can give one nation conflicts with others who surround it like territorial disputes in the South China Sea between China and Japan for instance.
Currently, many developing nations have become caught up in a new trend called “Globalization 2.0.” This version of globalization focuses more on technology rather than just commercial trade allowing people to communicate on a mass scale on websites such as Facebook or Twitter. This new trend has led to the birth of several social media movements which have sprung up all over the world from Occupy Wall Street in America to strikes and protests in China during 2011. In this way, Globalization 2.0 allows citizens from many developing nations to connect with one another across national boundaries to fight for grievances together against their own governments or other outside forces which maintain power over them. The effects of globalization will continue to affect foreign policy decisions around the world today and in the future, as countries consider how best to survive in a globalized world where connectivity is king.